Source code for

# encoding=utf-8

# The Qubes OS Project,
# Copyright (C) 2016 Bahtiar `kalkin-` Gadimov <>
# Copyright (C) 2016 Marek Marczykowski-Górecki
#                              <>
# Copyright (C) 2024 Piotr Bartman-Szwarc <>
# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or
# (at your option) any later version.
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.
# You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License along
# with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
# 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.

"""Qubes volume and block device management"""

import argparse
import os
import sys

import qubesadmin
import qubesadmin.exc
import qubesadmin.device_protocol
from qubesadmin.device_protocol import (Device, DeviceInfo, UnknownDevice,

[docs] def prepare_table(dev_list): """ Converts a list of :py:class:`qubes.devices.DeviceInfo` objects to a list of tuples for the :py:func:``. If :program:`qvm-devices` is running in a TTY, it will omit duplicate data. :param iterable dev_list: List of :py:class:`qubes.devices.DeviceInfo` objects. :returns: list of tuples """ output = [] header = [] if sys.stdout.isatty(): header += [('BACKEND:DEVID', 'DESCRIPTION', 'USED BY')] # NOQA for line in dev_list: output += [( line.ident, line.description, str(line.assignments), )] return header + sorted(output)
[docs] class Line(object): """Helper class to hold single device info for listing""" # pylint: disable=too-few-public-methods def __init__(self, device: DeviceInfo, attached_to=None): self.ident = "{!s}:{!s}".format(device.backend_domain, device.ident) self.description = device.description self.attached_to = attached_to if attached_to else "" self.frontends = [] @property def assignments(self): """list of frontends the device is assigned to""" return ', '.join(self.frontends)
[docs] def list_devices(args): """ Called by the parser to execute the qubes-devices list subcommand. """ app = domains = if hasattr(args, 'domains') else None devices = _load_devices(app, domains, args.devclass) result = {dev: Line(dev) for dev in devices} for dev in result: for vm in frontends = _load_frontends_info(vm, dev, args.devclass) if frontends is not None: result[dev].frontends.append(frontends)
def _load_devices(app, domains, devclass): """ Loads device exposed or connected to given domains. If `domains` is empty/`None` load all devices. """ devices = set() if domains: ignore_errors = False else: ignore_errors = True domains = try: for vm in domains: try: for ass in vm.devices[devclass].get_dedicated_devices(): devices.add(ass.device) for dev in vm.devices[devclass].get_exposed_devices(): devices.add(dev) except qubesadmin.exc.QubesVMNotFoundError: if ignore_errors: continue raise except qubesadmin.exc.QubesDaemonAccessError: raise qubesadmin.exc.QubesException( "Failed to list '%s' devices, this device type either " "does not exist or you do not have access to it.", devclass) return devices def _load_frontends_info(vm, dev, devclass): """ Returns string of vms to which a device is connected or `None`. """ if vm == dev.backend_domain: return None try: for assignment in vm.devices[devclass].get_dedicated_devices(): if dev != assignment: return None if assignment.options: return '{!s} ({})'.format( vm, ', '.join('{}={}'.format(key, value) for key, value in assignment.options.items())) return str(vm) except qubesadmin.exc.QubesVMNotFoundError: return None
[docs] def attach_device(args): """ Called by the parser to execute the :program:`qvm-devices attach` subcommand. """ vm =[0] device = args.device assignment = DeviceAssignment.from_device( device, # backward compatibility attach_automatically=args.required, required=args.required) options = dict(opt.split('=', 1) for opt in args.option or []) if options['read-only'] = 'yes' parse_ro_option_as_read_only(options) assignment.options = options vm.devices[args.devclass].attach(assignment) # backward compatibility if args.required: vm.devices[args.devclass].assign(assignment)
[docs] def parse_ro_option_as_read_only(options): """ For backward compatibility. Read-only option could be represented as `--ro`, `-o read-only=yes` or `-o ro=True` etc. """ if 'ro' in options.keys(): if options['ro'].lower() in ('1', 'true', 'yes'): options['read-only'] = 'yes' del options['ro'] elif options['ro'].lower() in ('0', 'false', 'no'): options['read-only'] = 'no' del options['ro'] else: raise ValueError( f"Unknown `read-only` option value: {options['ro']}")
[docs] def detach_device(args): """ Called by the parser to execute the :program:`qvm-devices detach` subcommand. """ vm =[0] if args.device: device = args.device assignment = DeviceAssignment.from_device(device) vm.devices[args.devclass].detach(assignment) else: for ass in (vm.devices[args.devclass].get_attached_devices()): vm.devices[args.devclass].detach(ass)
[docs] def assign_device(args): """ Called by the parser to execute the :program:`qvm-devices assign` subcommand. """ vm =[0] device = args.device assignment = DeviceAssignment.from_device( device, required=args.required, attach_automatically=True) options = dict(opt.split('=', 1) for opt in args.option or []) if options['read-only'] = 'yes' parse_ro_option_as_read_only(options) options['identity'] = device.self_identity if args.port: options['identity'] = 'any' assignment.options = options vm.devices[args.devclass].assign(assignment) if vm.is_running() and not assignment.attached and not args.quiet: print("Assigned. To attach you can now restart domain or run: \n" f"\tqvm-{assignment.devclass} attach {vm} " f"{assignment.backend_domain}:{assignment.ident}")
[docs] def unassign_device(args): """ Called by the parser to execute the :program:`qvm-devices unassign` subcommand. """ vm =[0] if args.device: device = args.device assignment = DeviceAssignment.from_device( device, frontend_domain=vm) _unassign_and_show_message(assignment, vm, args) else: for assignment in vm.devices[args.devclass].get_assigned_devices(): _unassign_and_show_message(assignment, vm, args)
def _unassign_and_show_message(assignment, vm, args): """ Helper for informing a user. """ vm.devices[args.devclass].unassign(assignment) if assignment.attached and not args.quiet: print("Unassigned. To detach you can now restart domain or run: \n" f"\tqvm-{assignment.devclass} detach {vm} " f"{assignment.backend_domain}:{assignment.ident}")
[docs] def info_device(args): """ Called by the parser to execute the :program:`qvm-devices info` subcommand. """ vm =[0] if args.device: device = args.device assignment = DeviceAssignment.from_device(device) print("description:", assignment.device.description) print("data:", else: for device_assignment in ( vm.devices[args.devclass].get_dedicated_devices()): print("device_assignment:", device_assignment) print("description:", device_assignment.device.description) print("data:",
[docs] def init_list_parser(sub_parsers): """ Configures the parser for the :program:`qvm-devices list` subcommand """ # pylint: disable=protected-access list_parser = sub_parsers.add_parser('list', aliases=('ls', 'l'), help='list devices') vm_name_group = list_parser, required=False,, help='list devices assigned to specific domain(s)') list_parser._mutually_exclusive_groups.append(vm_name_group) list_parser.set_defaults(func=list_devices)
[docs] class DeviceAction( """ Action for argument parser that gets the :py:class:``qubesadmin.device.Device`` from a BACKEND:DEVICE_ID string. """ # pylint: disable=too-few-public-methods def __init__(self, help='A backend & device id combination', required=True, allow_unknown=False, **kwargs): # pylint: disable=redefined-builtin self.allow_unknown = allow_unknown super().__init__(help=help, required=required, **kwargs) def __call__(self, parser, namespace, values, option_string=None): """ Set ``namespace.device`` to ``values`` """ setattr(namespace, self.dest, values)
[docs] def parse_qubes_app(self, parser, namespace): app = backend_device_id = getattr(namespace, self.dest) devclass = namespace.devclass if backend_device_id is None: return try: vmname, device_id = backend_device_id.split(':', 1) vm = None try: vm =[vmname] except KeyError: parser.error_runtime("no backend vm {!r}".format(vmname)) try: dev = vm.devices[devclass][device_id] if not self.allow_unknown and \ isinstance(dev, UnknownDevice): raise KeyError(device_id) except KeyError: parser.error_runtime( f"backend vm {vmname!r} doesn't expose " f"{devclass} device {device_id!r}") dev = Device(vm, device_id, devclass) setattr(namespace, self.dest, dev) except ValueError: parser.error( 'expected a backend vm & device id combination like foo:bar ' 'got %s' % backend_device_id)
[docs] def get_parser(device_class=None): """Create :py:class:`argparse.ArgumentParser` suitable for :program:`qvm-block`. """ parser = parser.register('action', 'parsers', parser.allow_abbrev = False if device_class: parser.add_argument('devclass', const=device_class, action='store_const', help=argparse.SUPPRESS) else: parser.add_argument('devclass', metavar='DEVICE_CLASS', action='store', help="Device class to manage ('pci', 'usb', etc)") # default action parser.set_defaults(func=list_devices) sub_parsers = parser.add_subparsers( title='commands', description="For more information see qvm-device command -h", dest='command') init_list_parser(sub_parsers) attach_parser = sub_parsers.add_parser( 'attach', help="Attach device to domain", aliases=('at', 'a')) detach_parser = sub_parsers.add_parser( "detach", help="Detach device from domain", aliases=('d', 'dt')) assign_parser = sub_parsers.add_parser( 'assign', help="Assign device to domain or edit existing assignment", aliases=('s',)) unassign_parser = sub_parsers.add_parser( "unassign", help="Remove assignment of device from domain", aliases=('u',)) info_parser = sub_parsers.add_parser( "info", help="Show info about device from domain", aliases=('i',)) attach_parser.add_argument('VMNAME', nargs=1, detach_parser.add_argument('VMNAME', nargs=1, assign_parser.add_argument('VMNAME', nargs=1, unassign_parser.add_argument('VMNAME', nargs=1, info_parser.add_argument('VMNAME', nargs=1, attach_parser.add_argument(metavar='BACKEND:DEVICE_ID', dest='device', action=DeviceAction) detach_parser.add_argument(metavar='BACKEND:DEVICE_ID', dest='device', nargs=argparse.OPTIONAL, action=DeviceAction, allow_unknown=True) assign_parser.add_argument(metavar='BACKEND:DEVICE_ID', dest='device', action=DeviceAction) unassign_parser.add_argument(metavar='BACKEND:DEVICE_ID', dest='device', nargs=argparse.OPTIONAL, action=DeviceAction, allow_unknown=True) info_parser.add_argument(metavar='BACKEND:DEVICE_ID', dest='device', nargs=argparse.OPTIONAL, action=DeviceAction, allow_unknown=True) option = (('--option', '-o',), {'action': 'append', 'help': "Set option for the device in opt=value form " "(can be specified multiple times), " "see man qvm-device for details"}) attach_parser.add_argument(*option[0], **option[1]) assign_parser.add_argument(*option[0], **option[1]) read_only = (('--ro',), {'action': 'store_true', 'default': False, 'help': "Attach device read-only (alias for read-only=yes " "option, takes precedence)"}) attach_parser.add_argument(*read_only[0], **read_only[1]) assign_parser.add_argument(*read_only[0], **read_only[1]) attach_parser.add_argument('--persistent', '-p', dest='required', action='store_true', default=False, help="Alias to `assign --required` for backward " "compatibility") assign_parser.add_argument('--required', '-r', dest='required', action='store_true', default=False, help="Mark device as required so it will " "be required to the qube's startup and then" " automatically attached)") assign_parser.add_argument('--port', action='store_true', default=False, help="Ignore device presented identity and " "attach any device connected to the given " "port number") attach_parser.set_defaults(func=attach_device) detach_parser.set_defaults(func=detach_device) assign_parser.set_defaults(func=assign_device) unassign_parser.set_defaults(func=unassign_device) info_parser.set_defaults(func=info_device) parser.add_argument('--list-device-classes', action='store_true', default=False) return parser
[docs] def main(args=None, app=None): """Main routine of :program:`qvm-block`.""" basename = os.path.basename(sys.argv[0]) devclass = None if basename.startswith('qvm-') and basename != 'qvm-device': devclass = basename[4:] # Special treatment for '--list-device-classes' (alias --list-classes) sys_args = ['--' + arg for arg in args] if args else [] curr_action = sys.argv[1:] + sys_args if set(curr_action).intersection( {'--list-device-classes', '--list-classes'}): print('\n'.join(app.list_deviceclass())) return 0 parser = get_parser(devclass) args = parser.parse_args(args, app=app) try: args.func(args) except qubesadmin.exc.QubesException as e: parser.print_error(str(e)) return 1 return 0
if __name__ == '__main__': sys.exit(main())